Shop More Submit  Join Login
×




Details

Submitted on
July 29, 2012
Image Size
4.9 MB
Resolution
5054×3870
Link
Thumb
Embed

Stats

Views
4,563 (7 today)
Favourites
58 (who?)
Comments
42
Downloads
644 (2 today)
×
The Achaemenid Persian Empire (c. 500 BC) by Undevicesimus The Achaemenid Persian Empire (c. 500 BC) by Undevicesimus
:icondonotuseplz::iconmyartplz:
===================


The Achaemenid Persian Empire (c. 500 BC)

In the early sixth century BC, the Middle East was a theatre of war between several empires competing for dominance of the region. The Median Empire asserted its control over all of Iran and the mountainous areas directly north of Mesopotamia while the so-called Neo-Babylonian Empire toppled the Assyrians and consolidated its power centre in the fertile lands between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers.

Meanwhile, after the fall of the New Kingdom and the ensuing centuries of internal conflict and fragmentation, Egypt managed to reconsolidate one more time under its twenty-sixth dynasty. In a beautiful example of how history always seems to repeat itself, the reborn Egypt challenged the Neo-Babylonian Empire for control of the eastern Mediterranean coasts, much like the New Kingdom had battled the Hittite Empire centuries before. Yet the days of Egypt’s greatness under the New Kingdom were long gone. The Neo-Babylonian Empire soundly defeated Egypt and pressed into Palestine, capturing Jerusalem in 587 BC and turning Egypt into a de facto puppet state. Babylon thus emerged victorious and became the supreme centre of the ancient world.

However, fortunes were about to shift completely. Shortly before 550 BC, the Median Empire faced a revolt in southern Iran which paved the way for the rise of a new power: the Achaemenid Persians, led by Cyrus the Great. Taking over control of southern Iran, the Persian heartland, Cyrus embarked on a systematic campaign of conquest in the Middle East. Persian forces swept westwards, reaching Lydia by 545 BC, overthrowing the Lydian kingdom of Croesus and taking over much of Asia Minor. Only a few years later, the Neo-Babylonian Empire underwent the same fate when Cyrus defeated its armies in 539 BC at Babylon itself, simultaneously ending the Babylonian Captivity of the Jews. Next, the Persian war machine stormed eastwards and Cyrus expanded his empire as far as the north-eastern regions of Iran, where he ultimately fell in battle against the nomads of Central Asia. His son and successor Cambyses continued the Persian rise to power, consolidating Persian holdings and annexing Egypt by 525 BC.

In approximately thirty years time, the Achaemenid Persians had created the largest empire the world had ever seen until then, uniting for the first time the entire region of Egypt, the Middle East and Iran under one empire. This implied the de facto unification of most of the sedentary and urbanized world in the west of Asia. Cambyses’ successor Darius managed to keep the empire together despite a number of revolts and steered it towards its zenith of power. The empire was divided up into approximately twenty provinces, called satrapies, of which the inhabitants were allowed significant local autonomy as long as Persian lordship was recognized.

Despite the near-supreme power of the Persian Empire, further expansion proved difficult. North of the empire lived the nomads of Central Asia and southern Russia, known in the Greek world as ‘Scythians’. Darius failed to fully subdue them, leaving the steppes of Central Asia as the empire’s northernmost frontier. In the east, the Persians expanded into the Indus region but failed to gain footholds in India proper. Lastly, the Arabian desert prevented any real expansion into the Arabian peninsula. This left the power-hungry empire with only one direction for worthwhile expansion; the west. Persian armies invaded Europe before the end of the sixth century BC, capturing Thrace and subduing Macedon. Such was the prelude to the titanic clash between the Persian superpower and the world of the Greek city-states.

© 2012 – 2014 undevicesimus.deviantart.com


===================
Add a Comment:
 
:iconwoodsman2b:
woodsman2b Featured By Owner Jul 12, 2014
Hello how are you ? I wanted to know if you could post the blank version of this map, I'd like to make a series of maps about
the Ancient Empires. I will credit you of course.
Reply
:iconundevicesimus:
Undevicesimus Featured By Owner Jul 12, 2014   Artist
Sorry, I don't have the base map for this one anymore (or any of my old maps).
Reply
:iconwoodsman2b:
woodsman2b Featured By Owner Jul 13, 2014
Ok. Thank you for answering!
Reply
:iconundevicesimus:
Undevicesimus Featured By Owner Jul 13, 2014   Artist
Yea believe it or not but some months ago, I actually thought about uploading my old base maps to dA for others to use because I wasn't going to use them myself anymore. But when I looked, I noticed I had already deleted them :/
Reply
:iconwoodsman2b:
woodsman2b Featured By Owner Jul 13, 2014
That's a a shame indeed... I liked the old versions too!
Reply
:iconsn00gdog:
Sn00gDog Featured By Owner Jul 7, 2014
Nicely Done !
Reply
:iconundevicesimus:
Undevicesimus Featured By Owner Jul 7, 2014   Artist
Thank you :bow:
Reply
:iconencoder6:
Encoder6 Featured By Owner Jun 5, 2014  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Nice work! :)
Reply
:iconundevicesimus:
Undevicesimus Featured By Owner Jun 6, 2014   Artist
Thanks :bow:
Reply
:iconencoder6:
Encoder6 Featured By Owner Jun 6, 2014  Hobbyist Digital Artist
You're welcome, my friend :)
Reply
Add a Comment: