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October 8, 2012
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Expansion of the Roman Empire (201 BC - AD 117) by Undevicesimus Expansion of the Roman Empire (201 BC - AD 117) by Undevicesimus

The Expansion of the Roman Empire (201 BC – AD 117)

753 BC: Founding of Rome (according to Varro) – rule of the Seven Kings begins
c. 510 BC: Establishment of the Roman Republic
450 BC: Law of Twelve Tables is constituted as the fundament of Roman law
396 BC: Rome captures the Etruscan city Veii – beginning of Roman expansion
387 BC: Gallic invasion forces largely sack Rome
343 – 290 BC: Samnite Wars – Rome becomes the dominant power in Central Italy
282 BC: Tarentum is the last major city on the Italian peninsula to resist Rome
280 BC: Pyrrhic War – Tarentum calls on Pyrrhus of Epirus, resulting in a stalemate with Rome
272 BC: Rome captures Tarentum and controls the Italian peninsula almost up to the Padus River
264 BC – 241 BC: First Punic War
+ 264 BC: Rome accepts Messana’s call to arms against Carthage and invades Sicily
+ 260 BC: Rome narrowly defeats Carthage at the naval Battle of Mylae
+ 256 BC: Close victory at the naval Battle of Ecnomus allows the Romans to invade the Carthaginian motherland in Africa
+ 255 BC: Carthage defeats Rome at the Battle of Tunis but Rome has conquered all of Sicily by now
+ 241 BC: Decisive Roman victory at the naval Battle of the Aegates Islands marks the end of the war
241 – 238 BC: Rome establishes its control of Sicily, Sardinia and Corsica
229 BC: Roman fleets combat Illyrian piracy
226 BC: Rome recognises Carthage’s dominance south of the Iberus (Ebro) River
222 BC: Rome defeats Celtic tribes in the Padus Valley at the Battle of Clastidium and tightens its hold on Northern Italy
219 BC: Saguntum calls on Rome for help against Carthage
218 – 201 BC: Second Punic War
+ 218 BC: Hannibal invades Italy, rallies the Celtic tribes there, smashes the Romans at the Battle of Trebia
+ 217 BC: Hannibal again defeats the Romans at the Battle of Lake Trasimene
+ 216 BC: Crushing Carthaginian victory at the Battle of Cannae, over 50,000 Romans fall in the battle
+ 215 BC: Hannibal allies with Philippos V of Macedon – Start of the First Macedonian War (until 205 BC)
+ 212 BC: Rome reconquers Sicily, Carthage conquers Tarentum, most of southern Italy switches to Hannibal
+ 206 BC: Rome finishes the conquest of Carthaginian holdings on the Iberian peninsula (started in 217 BC)
+ 204 BC: Scipio invades Africa
+ 203 BC: Roman victory at the Battle of Tunis, Carthage calls Hannibal back home
+ 202 BC: Decisive Roman victory at the Battle of Zama, Scipio defeats Hannibal
+ 201 BC: Carthage surrenders to Rome, end of the Carthaginian Empire
171 BC: Rome defeats Macedon and declares ‘freedom’ for the Greek cities
149 – 146 BC: Third Punic War ends with the complete destruction of Carthage
146 BC: Rome destroys Corinth after a revolt of the Achaean League and formally annexes Greece
133 BC: End of the Numantine War and bequest of Pergamum to Rome
133 – 121 BC: Reformatory movement of the Gracchi is brutally smothered by the Senate
113 – 101 BC: Teutones and Cimbri invasions are defeated by Gaius Marius
111 – 105 BC: Rome defeats Numidia in the Jugurthine War
91 – 89 BC: Social War causes Rome to grant all the Italic peoples the full Roman citizenship
88 – 63 BC: Rome subdues the states of Asia Minor during the Mithridatic Wars
82 – 79 BC: Dictatorship of Sulla is marked by political repression and renewed Senatorial power
73 – 63 BC: Pompeius campaigns in the East, gaining a complete victory for Rome – fall of Pontus and the Seleucids
70 BC: Consulate of Pompeius and Crassus
60 BC: First Triumvirate with Pompeius, Crassus and Caesar aims to implement the Pompeian Reforms
59 BC: Consulate of Gaius Julius Caesar
58 – 51 BC: Roman conquest of Gaul
+ 58 BC: Roman victory over the Helvetii at the Battle of Bibractes and the Suebi near the Rhine
+ 57 BC: Subjugation of the Belgic tribes
+ 56 BC: Successful Roman campaigns against the tribes in Armorica and Aquitania
+ 55 BC: Germanic attacks are repelled, Caesar’s armies cross the Rhenus River
+ 55 BC: Consulate of Pompeius and Crassus, the Triumvirate divides up the Roman proconsular provinces;
Pompeius receives Hispania, Caesar receives Gallia and Crassus receives Syria
+ 54 BC: Roman invasion of Britannia – Uprising of the Eburones, Nervi and Treveri (until 53 BC)
+ 53 BC: Decisive Roman defeat at the Battle of Carrhae against Parthia, Crassus dies
+ 52 BC: Major Gallic uprisings led by Vercingetorix end in a decisive Roman victory at Alesia
+ 51 BC: Caesar finishes the conquest of Gaul
50 BC: Caesar refuses the Senate’s demand to disband his armies and advances on Rome
49 BC: Caesar’s Civil War against Pompeius and the anti-Caesarian faction of the Senate
48 BC: Decisive Caesarian victory at the Battle of Pharsalus, Pompeius flees to Egypt and is assassinated
48 BC: Caesar enters Egypt and gives the Ptolemaic realm to Cleopatra VII under Roman protection
46 BC: Decisive Caesarian victory at the Battle of Thapsus, Caesar becomes dictator
45 BC: Caesar defeats Pompeian forces in Hispania, becomes dictator perpetuus and imperator
44 BC: Senatorial conspiracy under Brutus and Cassius – Caesar is murdered on the Ides of March (15th)
43 BC: Second Triumvirate with Antonius, Lepidus and Octavianus
42 BC: Antonius and Octavianus defeat Brutus and Cassius at the Battle of Philippi
40 BC: Treaty of Brundisium divides the Roman world between the Triumvirs; Antonius in the East,
Octavianus in the West, Lepidus in the South with Italy as joint territory (but de facto under Octavianus)
38 BC: 2nd Triumvirate is renewed for five years
36 BC: Antonius marries Cleopatra VII and allegedly plans to build a Roman-Egyptian empire
36 BC: Octavianus defeats Sextus Pompeius on Sicily and expels Lepidus from the Triumvirate
32 BC: Final War of the Roman Republic begins; Rome (pro-Octavianus) declares war on Ptolemaic Egypt (pro-Antonius)
31 BC: Octavianus defeats Antonius and Cleopatra at the Battle of Actium
30 BC: Octavianus enters Alexandria, Antonius and Cleopatra commit suicide
27 BC: Octavianus nominally returns power to the Senate, assumes the title of Augustus
and establishes the Principate – Beginning of the Roman Empire
AD 14: Death of Augustus
AD 14 – 68: Julian-Claudian dynasty; Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius and Nero
AD 69: Year of the Four Emperors brings to power the Flavian dynasty under Vespasianus
AD 69 – 96: Flavian dynasty; Vespasianus, Titus, Domitianus
AD 98: Nerva dies after a fifteen month rule
AD 98 – 117: Reign of Traianus marks the greatest extent of the Roman Empire

© 2012 – 2014

Add a Comment:
lombregrise Featured By Owner Mar 23, 2013  Professional Writer
Hi! your great piece is featured here [link] :rose:
Undevicesimus Featured By Owner Mar 23, 2013   Artist
Thank you very much, also for the other features :bow: It is greatly appreciated!
lombregrise Featured By Owner Mar 23, 2013  Professional Writer
Kaliidrad Featured By Owner Feb 15, 2013
Hmm... seems that Mare Nostrum would have been somewhat more appropriate for a Roman Empire map, but pretty nice.
Undevicesimus Featured By Owner Feb 15, 2013   Artist
The Romans called it 'Mare Internum' as much as they called it 'Mare Nostrum', so it doesn't matter.
xyz-dbz Featured By Owner Oct 18, 2012
so what is the next stop in time
mighty byzantine empire in huge res ??
Undevicesimus Featured By Owner Oct 18, 2012   Artist
Next map (almost finished) is the Roman Empire during the so-called 'Pax Romana' (until ca. 211 AD). I plan a map of the spread of early Christianity within the Roman Empire and then a map of the late Roman Empire, during it's final revival to power under emperor Diocletian (ca. 395 AD). After that, it's probably going to be the Byzantine empire under Justinian :)
Undevicesimus Featured By Owner Mar 10, 2013   Artist
I meant Theodosius, not Diocletian (damnit :))
bespais Featured By Owner Oct 14, 2012
may i ask how much take you to get all the info of the map?
Undevicesimus Featured By Owner Oct 15, 2012   Artist
I don't really understand your question.. how much what? how much time does it take me to get all the info? I already know much from studying history in previous years, so when I make a map, I read and re-read historical books and compare as many existing maps as possible, modern-made and ancient-made ones. So I guess that takes a couple of days, maybe a week, depending on how detailed I want a map to be.
Add a Comment: