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Expansion of the Roman Empire (201 BC - AD 117) by Undevicesimus Expansion of the Roman Empire (201 BC - AD 117) by Undevicesimus
:icondonotuseplz::iconmyartplz:
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The Expansion of the Roman Empire (201 BC – AD 117)

753 BC: Founding of Rome (according to Varro) – rule of the Seven Kings begins
c. 510 BC: Establishment of the Roman Republic
450 BC: Law of Twelve Tables is constituted as the fundament of Roman law
396 BC: Rome captures the Etruscan city Veii – beginning of Roman expansion
387 BC: Gallic invasion forces largely sack Rome
343 – 290 BC: Samnite Wars – Rome becomes the dominant power in Central Italy
282 BC: Tarentum is the last major city on the Italian peninsula to resist Rome
280 BC: Pyrrhic War – Tarentum calls on Pyrrhus of Epirus, resulting in a stalemate with Rome
272 BC: Rome captures Tarentum and controls the Italian peninsula almost up to the Padus River
264 BC – 241 BC: First Punic War
+ 264 BC: Rome accepts Messana’s call to arms against Carthage and invades Sicily
+ 260 BC: Rome narrowly defeats Carthage at the naval Battle of Mylae
+ 256 BC: Close victory at the naval Battle of Ecnomus allows the Romans to invade the Carthaginian motherland in Africa
+ 255 BC: Carthage defeats Rome at the Battle of Tunis but Rome has conquered all of Sicily by now
+ 241 BC: Decisive Roman victory at the naval Battle of the Aegates Islands marks the end of the war
241 – 238 BC: Rome establishes its control of Sicily, Sardinia and Corsica
229 BC: Roman fleets combat Illyrian piracy
226 BC: Rome recognises Carthage’s dominance south of the Iberus (Ebro) River
222 BC: Rome defeats Celtic tribes in the Padus Valley at the Battle of Clastidium and tightens its hold on Northern Italy
219 BC: Saguntum calls on Rome for help against Carthage
218 – 201 BC: Second Punic War
+ 218 BC: Hannibal invades Italy, rallies the Celtic tribes there, smashes the Romans at the Battle of Trebia
+ 217 BC: Hannibal again defeats the Romans at the Battle of Lake Trasimene
+ 216 BC: Crushing Carthaginian victory at the Battle of Cannae, over 50,000 Romans fall in the battle
+ 215 BC: Hannibal allies with Philippos V of Macedon – Start of the First Macedonian War (until 205 BC)
+ 212 BC: Rome reconquers Sicily, Carthage conquers Tarentum, most of southern Italy switches to Hannibal
+ 206 BC: Rome finishes the conquest of Carthaginian holdings on the Iberian peninsula (started in 217 BC)
+ 204 BC: Scipio invades Africa
+ 203 BC: Roman victory at the Battle of Tunis, Carthage calls Hannibal back home
+ 202 BC: Decisive Roman victory at the Battle of Zama, Scipio defeats Hannibal
+ 201 BC: Carthage surrenders to Rome, end of the Carthaginian Empire
171 BC: Rome defeats Macedon and declares ‘freedom’ for the Greek cities
149 – 146 BC: Third Punic War ends with the complete destruction of Carthage
146 BC: Rome destroys Corinth after a revolt of the Achaean League and formally annexes Greece
133 BC: End of the Numantine War and bequest of Pergamum to Rome
133 – 121 BC: Reformatory movement of the Gracchi is brutally smothered by the Senate
113 – 101 BC: Teutones and Cimbri invasions are defeated by Gaius Marius
111 – 105 BC: Rome defeats Numidia in the Jugurthine War
91 – 89 BC: Social War causes Rome to grant all the Italic peoples the full Roman citizenship
88 – 63 BC: Rome subdues the states of Asia Minor during the Mithridatic Wars
82 – 79 BC: Dictatorship of Sulla is marked by political repression and renewed Senatorial power
73 – 63 BC: Pompeius campaigns in the East, gaining a complete victory for Rome – fall of Pontus and the Seleucids
70 BC: Consulate of Pompeius and Crassus
60 BC: First Triumvirate with Pompeius, Crassus and Caesar aims to implement the Pompeian Reforms
59 BC: Consulate of Gaius Julius Caesar
58 – 51 BC: Roman conquest of Gaul
+ 58 BC: Roman victory over the Helvetii at the Battle of Bibractes and the Suebi near the Rhine
+ 57 BC: Subjugation of the Belgic tribes
+ 56 BC: Successful Roman campaigns against the tribes in Armorica and Aquitania
+ 55 BC: Germanic attacks are repelled, Caesar’s armies cross the Rhenus River
+ 55 BC: Consulate of Pompeius and Crassus, the Triumvirate divides up the Roman proconsular provinces;
Pompeius receives Hispania, Caesar receives Gallia and Crassus receives Syria
+ 54 BC: Roman invasion of Britannia – Uprising of the Eburones, Nervi and Treveri (until 53 BC)
+ 53 BC: Decisive Roman defeat at the Battle of Carrhae against Parthia, Crassus dies
+ 52 BC: Major Gallic uprisings led by Vercingetorix end in a decisive Roman victory at Alesia
+ 51 BC: Caesar finishes the conquest of Gaul
50 BC: Caesar refuses the Senate’s demand to disband his armies and advances on Rome
49 BC: Caesar’s Civil War against Pompeius and the anti-Caesarian faction of the Senate
48 BC: Decisive Caesarian victory at the Battle of Pharsalus, Pompeius flees to Egypt and is assassinated
48 BC: Caesar enters Egypt and gives the Ptolemaic realm to Cleopatra VII under Roman protection
46 BC: Decisive Caesarian victory at the Battle of Thapsus, Caesar becomes dictator
45 BC: Caesar defeats Pompeian forces in Hispania, becomes dictator perpetuus and imperator
44 BC: Senatorial conspiracy under Brutus and Cassius – Caesar is murdered on the Ides of March (15th)
43 BC: Second Triumvirate with Antonius, Lepidus and Octavianus
42 BC: Antonius and Octavianus defeat Brutus and Cassius at the Battle of Philippi
40 BC: Treaty of Brundisium divides the Roman world between the Triumvirs; Antonius in the East,
Octavianus in the West, Lepidus in the South with Italy as joint territory (but de facto under Octavianus)
38 BC: 2nd Triumvirate is renewed for five years
36 BC: Antonius marries Cleopatra VII and allegedly plans to build a Roman-Egyptian empire
36 BC: Octavianus defeats Sextus Pompeius on Sicily and expels Lepidus from the Triumvirate
32 BC: Final War of the Roman Republic begins; Rome (pro-Octavianus) declares war on Ptolemaic Egypt (pro-Antonius)
31 BC: Octavianus defeats Antonius and Cleopatra at the Battle of Actium
30 BC: Octavianus enters Alexandria, Antonius and Cleopatra commit suicide
27 BC: Octavianus nominally returns power to the Senate, assumes the title of Augustus
and establishes the Principate – Beginning of the Roman Empire
AD 14: Death of Augustus
AD 14 – 68: Julian-Claudian dynasty; Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius and Nero
AD 69: Year of the Four Emperors brings to power the Flavian dynasty under Vespasianus
AD 69 – 96: Flavian dynasty; Vespasianus, Titus, Domitianus
AD 98: Nerva dies after a fifteen month rule
AD 98 – 117: Reign of Traianus marks the greatest extent of the Roman Empire

© 2012 – 2014 undevicesimus.deviantart.com

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Add a Comment:
 
:iconlombregrise:
lombregrise Featured By Owner Mar 23, 2013  Professional Writer
Hi! your great piece is featured here [link] :rose:
Reply
:iconundevicesimus:
Undevicesimus Featured By Owner Mar 23, 2013   Artist
Thank you very much, also for the other features :bow: It is greatly appreciated!
Reply
:iconlombregrise:
lombregrise Featured By Owner Mar 23, 2013  Professional Writer
:)
Reply
:iconkaliidrad:
Kaliidrad Featured By Owner Feb 15, 2013
Hmm... seems that Mare Nostrum would have been somewhat more appropriate for a Roman Empire map, but pretty nice.
Reply
:iconundevicesimus:
Undevicesimus Featured By Owner Feb 15, 2013   Artist
The Romans called it 'Mare Internum' as much as they called it 'Mare Nostrum', so it doesn't matter.
Reply
:iconxyz-dbz:
xyz-dbz Featured By Owner Oct 18, 2012
so what is the next stop in time
mighty byzantine empire in huge res ??
Reply
:iconundevicesimus:
Undevicesimus Featured By Owner Oct 18, 2012   Artist
Next map (almost finished) is the Roman Empire during the so-called 'Pax Romana' (until ca. 211 AD). I plan a map of the spread of early Christianity within the Roman Empire and then a map of the late Roman Empire, during it's final revival to power under emperor Diocletian (ca. 395 AD). After that, it's probably going to be the Byzantine empire under Justinian :)
Reply
:iconundevicesimus:
Undevicesimus Featured By Owner Mar 10, 2013   Artist
I meant Theodosius, not Diocletian (damnit :))
Reply
:iconbespais:
bespais Featured By Owner Oct 14, 2012
may i ask how much take you to get all the info of the map?
Reply
:iconundevicesimus:
Undevicesimus Featured By Owner Oct 15, 2012   Artist
I don't really understand your question.. how much what? how much time does it take me to get all the info? I already know much from studying history in previous years, so when I make a map, I read and re-read historical books and compare as many existing maps as possible, modern-made and ancient-made ones. So I guess that takes a couple of days, maybe a week, depending on how detailed I want a map to be.
Reply
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